Recommended Routine Care for Horses


March to May

  • Eastern Encephalitis
  • Western Encephalitis
  • Tetanus
  • Influenza
  • Rhinopneumonitis
  • West Nile Virus
  • *Rabies

September or October

  • Influenza
  • Rhinopneumonitis


  1. Horses with high exposure potential (such as race horses, show horses, rodeo horses, etc.) should receive Influenza and Rhino pneumonitis immunizations every three months, or two weeks prior to major exposure.
  2. Pregnant mares need Rhinopneumonitis the fifth, seventh, and ninth months of pregnancy. The other five immunizations need to be boosted approximately one month before foaling.
  3. If Strangles (Distemper) is a problem on a specific farm, consider using a strep vaccine.


Deworming medication should be administered every three to four months. An Ivermectin product (Eqvalan, Zimectrin, etc.) should be included in your worming program because of its ability to kill migrating parasites and bots.

No worming product is superior to all others. Therefore, rotating products is recommended.

Dental Care 

Your horse's teeth may occasionally require a procedure called floating. The teeth may grow into points so sharp that they prevent the horse from eating properly. A veterinarian should check the horse's teeth to determine whether floating is necessary.

* Due to the potential transmission of the Rabies virus from horses to humans, the American Association of Equine Practitioners now recommends that all horses receive an annual Rabies vaccine.